Missouri City Backhand

Backhand for beginners
Definitions

In this invention, there are a few new terms as well. First, the term “seat” will be addressed. When used in this invention, the term “seat” shall refer to one of the players. Since there are two players then there are only two “seats” and each seat shall be referred to as the “red seat” and “green seat.” Of course, using colorsto distinguish between seats can be modified according to house rules, but for the purposes of this document, “red” and “green” will be used to differentiate between the two players periodically.

 

Rules
  • All existing rules for Backhand, the card game and Buffalo Bayou backhand will be observed in this invention, except where rule modifications are expressly noted in the body of this document.
  • Which player hand gets dealt first after the dealer hand? This is left up to the house or is agreed to by the players, prior to the start of the game. Whichever seat is dealt their initial player hand first will concede the first play of the hand to their opponent, unless said player’s initial player hand includes an initial player ace, in which the Ace Rule must be satisfied prior to the second player’s initial player hand being dealt (e.g. if the red seat is dealt their initial player hand first, then the green seat will get to make the first play).
Backhand for beginners
  • Initial player aces, as per the Ace Rule, are replaced immediately after the initial player hand is dealt. Therefore, if the red seat is dealt first and it contains an initial player ace, the ace rule is satisfied immediately after the red seat’s initial player hand is dealt and also prior to the green seat’s initial player hand is dealt. Since the green seat is dealt their initial player hand second, the green seat will get to make the first play. If the green seat is also dealt an initial player ace, the Ace Rule must be satisfied first. For the green seat, this will constitute their first play, and the red seat will then make their first play after the Ace Rule is satisfied for the green seat.
  • Taking turns – Each player will alternate their play decisions, one at a time. Therefore, if the red seat was dealt first and has a play hand, and the green seat was dealt second and has a push hand, the green seat shall decide whether or not to take a hit card or push the hand away in return for a preplacement hand, first. Once the green seat makes their decision and their card is dealt (or push hand is replaced), then the red seat shall make their play decision with regard to their play hand. This will continue until each seat’s hand is resolved. This will allow for a better flow of the game, ensure fairness and increase suspense as each player must watch their opponent strategize through every decision of the game.
  • After the hand starts, game play shall continue until both hands are resolved and a winner is decided. Some hands may result in a stalemate (no winner), at which point a new game can begin.

 

How to play

There is an innumerable amount of scenarios that can occur during a hand and therefore impossible to address each one individually, but this document shall set theboundaries of game play as a guide for any situation that may occur to the best of my knowledge and understanding of this invention.

Once the dealer hand and both initial player hands are dealt, the Ace Rule is satisfied and which player goes firsthas been established, the hand shall begin. Each player will abide by the same rules set forth in Buffalo Bayou backhand. Their opponents hand will have absolutely no effect on the outcome of their hand in any way. All cards are dealt face up in this invention as they are in the other two games. Therefore, if the green seat goes first, the hand options are based on the green seat’s initial hand value and hand type just as the other two games. Once the green seat player decides their play, the red seat will then make their choice in the same fashion. Game play will continue in this fashion until each hand is resolved independently.

What happens next is what is so very special about this invention. You see, once each seat has resolved their hands, you will have two individual results for each player; but how do you determine a game winner? Let’s first review how each hand of Buffalo Bayou backhand can end:

  • Player’s successful backhand play + player total advantage over the dealer total; player wins the hand
  • Successful five card hand; player wins the hand
  • Successful push hand + player total advantage over dealer total; player wins the hand
  • Unsuccessful backhand or hit play; player loses hand
  • Successful push hand + dealer total advantage over player total; dealer wins the hand
  • Player’s successful backhand play + dealer total advantage over the player total; dealer wins the hand
  • Unsuccessful push hand; player loses the hand

Each of these individual hand outcomes can occur for our two players during a game of Missouri City backhand and are used to determine which player wins the game.

  • If both players have unsuccessful hands, the game results in a stalemate (no winner).
  • If one player has a successful hand (with advantage over the dealer) and the other has an unsuccessful hand, the player with the successful hand will win the game (e.g. if the green seat won their hand with a successful backhandplus player total advantage over the dealer total, but the red seat busted with a hit card, the green seat is the game winner).
  • If both players win their respective hands and the method in which they won are not the same (e.g. the red seat player won with a successful backhand + player advantage; and the green seat won with a successful push play + player advantage) the player with the lowest total hand value will win the game. If both player total hand values are equal, then the hand will result in a stalemate.
  • If both players have successful backhand plays with player total advantage over the dealer total, the player with the lowest player total wins the game. If both player totals are equal, then the winner shall be decided using the lowest total hand value. If both player total hand values are equal, then the hand will result in a stalemate.
  • If both players have successful push hands with player total advantage over the dealer total, the player with the lowest player total wins the game. If both player totals are equal, then the winner shall be decided using the lowest total hand value. If both player total hand values are equal, then the hand will result in a stalemate.
  • If both players have successful five card hands, the player with the lowest total hand value wins the game. If both player total hand values are equal, then the hand will result in a stalemate.
  • If one player has a successful five card hand and the other player has a successful hand of any other type, the player with the successful five card hand shall win the game.

Player hands which result in a stalemate (between the player and the dealer), said hand shall be considered “unsuccessful,” and therefore treated in the manner set forth in the above outcomes.

 

Missouri City Examples

In Example 1, the dealer hand was dealt first from right to left. The green seat is positioned on the top row above the dealer hand, left of the 10 of hearts. The red seat is positioned at the bottom left hand corner of the same card. Red seat was dealt their initial player hand first; therefore, the green seat shall have the first play. The green seat’s initial player hand contains an initial player ace and per the Ace Rule it must be discarded and replaced immediately after the hand is dealt. This will constitute the green seat’s first play. The red seat’s initial player hand has an initial hand value of 19 and is a push hand type. It’s hand options are to take a hit card or push the hand away for a replacement hand.

Example 1

In Example 1a, the green seat’s initial player ace was replaced with a 9. The resulting initial hand value is 18, a push hand type and hand options to take a hit card or push the hand away for a new hand. The red seat decided to push their hand away for a new hand and the replacement hand is shown in Example 1a also. The resulting hand is 9-8, an initial hand value of 17, a push hand type and hand options to take a hit or push the hand away for a new hand. From a strategy standpoint the dealer’s first show card is a 10. There’s already been two 10’s to hit the board and all the nines have been played. Also no face cards have been dealt. It’s the green seat’s turn, so let’s see how the hand plays out.

Example 1a

In Example 1b, you see how the randomness of the deck supplies the players with the most unexpected hands. The green seat’s push hand was replaced with a play hand of 6-8, which has an initial hand value of 14, a play hand type and hand options of hit or backhand. The red seat’s push hand was exchanged for essentially the same hand (with different suits, of course). I’m actually playing this hand at my kitchen table, so this is a live hand with no modifications. The play is on the green seat so let’s see what happens.

Example 1b

Figure 1c shows that the green seat player chose to take a hit card. The green seat’s hit cardturns out to be a 3 which creates a total hand value of 17, a new dealer total of 13, a player total of 14 and a player advantage over the dealer total. The hand options for the green seat is to take a hit card or call backhand, but remember that in this invention, players alternate turns after each play, and now it’s the red seat’s turn.

Example 1c

Example 1d shows that the red seat player chose to call backhand, which turns out to be a poor strategic choice. The backhand card is 10 which creates at total hand value of 24 and a successful backhand play. Unfortunately, the dealer total is 20 which gives the dealer total the advantage over the red seat player total and the red seat player loses the hand. From a strategic standpoint, there are no face cards on the board, so there is a higher probability of one being pulled, but also with an initial hand value of 14, that means that the lowest card to bust that hand would be an 8 or higher, which means that the lowest card to bust the hand would also result in a dealer total of at least 18 which would still give the dealer total advantage over the player total. The wiser play would’ve been to take a hit card, and hope to increase the red hand’s total hand value then call backhand on the next play, and the new player total could be compared to the second dealer show card of 6.

Example 1d

Now let’s see what happened to the green seat’s hand. In Figure 1e, the green seat player chooses to call backhand. Remember in the previous Example 1d, the red seat player called backhand, and it failed because the lowest possible backhand card would still create a dealer total advantage over the red seat’s player total. In Example 1e, the green seat’s total hand value prior to calling backhand was 17, and the dealer’s next show card was a 6, therefore a backhand play in this scenario had a higher probability of success. The backhand card is 10, the total hand value is 27, so the backhand play was successful. The green seat player total is 17 and the dealer total is 16 which gives the green seat the advantage over the dealer total and the win. Since the red seat player lost their hand, the green seat player wins the game.

Example 1e

In Example 2, the dealer hand includes the show cards: K-7-10. The green seat was dealt their initial player hand first of K-10. This is a push hand with an initial hand value of 17 so the hand options are to take a hit card or push the hand away in exchange for a new hand. The red seat was dealt their initial player hand second therefore they get to go first. The red seat initial player hand contains 7-2, the initial hand value is 9, a low hand type and the only hand option is to take a hit card.

Example 2

Example 2a shows the red seat took a hit card. The hit card was 3 and the new total hand value is 12. The hit card also creates a dealer total of 13 and a player total of 9 which gives the dealer total the advantage over the player total. The red seat’s hand options are to take a hit or call backhand. With the next dealer show card being 7, and a total hand value of 12, the lowest card to bust the hand would be a 10 or face card (numerical value of 10). That means that a successful backhand play would result in an automatic hand loss for the red seat. Their best play would be to request a hit card. Now it’s the green seat’s turn. Let’s see what happens.

Example 2a

Example 2b shows the green seat choosing to push the hand in exchange for a new hand. The new hand is 4-2 which has an initial hand value of 6. The hand type is a low hand and the only hand option for a low hand is to take a hit card. See below.

Example 2b

Now the red seat has to choose between a hit card or call backhand. Currently the dealer total is 13 and the next dealer show card is 7. The total hand value is 12, the lowest card to bust that hand value would be 10 or a face card (numerical value = 10) which would create a dealer total of 17 with the show card of 7 so our player will choose to take a hit card. Example 2c shows the hit card to be an 8. The red seat now has a total hand value of 20 and a good chance of a successful backhand, but remember, in this invention the player must also have the advantage over the dealer total to win the hand and a lower total hand value or player total than the green seat to win the game (unless the green seat loses their hand in which case the red seat would win by default). Our green seat player still has yet to get out of their initial player hand so our player must choose carefully.

Example 2c

Example 2d illustrates how quickly momentum and advantage can change hands in this invention. The green seat takes a hit card which is a Q (numerical value = 10) which creates a total hand value of 16. The dealer total is 20, the player total is 6 and the dealer has the advantage over the green seat’s player total. With the next dealer show card being seven (for the green seat), our red seat player’s chances at winning the game are slim cause their player total would be 20 (with a successful backhand play), which would be much higher than the green seat’s if the green seat gets a successful backhand play now. Let’s see what happens.

Example 2d

Below, Example 2e shows the red seat backhand card is J (numerical value = 10), which results in a total hand value of 30 but the dealer total and the red seat player total are equal at 20 each. This means that the hand stalemates, and all the green seat has to do is have a successful backhand and advantage over the dealer total and they will win the game. A five card hand would do the trick also!

Example 2e

Below, you can see the disappointing result of a stalemate. The green seat’s backhand card is a 3 which creates a total hand value of 19, so this is an unsuccessful backhand. Therefore, this is a stalemate and there is no winner. The game has to replayed.

Example 2f

Below in Example 3, the dealer hand is 2-6-10, the green seat’s initial player hand is 6-K and the red seat’s initial player hand is 5-10. The red seat was dealt first so the green seat has the first play. The green seat’s initial hand value is 16, the hand type is a play hand and the hand options are to take a hit card or call backhand.

Example 3

In Example 3a, you see that the green seat took advantage of the dealer’s first show card and called for backhand. The backhand card was a J (numerical value = 10), which creates a new total hand value of 26 for the green seat. The dealer total is 12, the player total is 16, so the player total has the advantage in the hand; therefore, the green seat wins the hand with a successful backhand play. Now let’s see what the red seat does.

Example 3a

Below in Example 3b you see that the red seat player chose to call backhand. The backhand card was an 8 which created a new total hand value of 23. The resulting dealer total is 10, the player total is 15 and the red seat’s gamble to take advantage of the dealer’s first show card of 2 paid off with a successful backhand play! Now, to determine the game winner, let’s compare the player totals of the green seat and the red seat. Remember, when both seats win their respective hands in the same manner, the game winner shall be decided by comparing the player totals. If both player totals are equal, then the total hand values are compared. If both total hand values are equal, then the game will end in a stalemate. Luckily, we have a winner in this case. The green seat’s player total is 16 and the red seat’s player total is 15 and according to the rules, the red seat won the game.

Example 3b

In example 4, the dealer hand consists of 5-6-10. The green seat was dealt their initial player hand first of 10-2, so the red seat will have the first play. The red seat’s initial player hand contains 7-5, an initial hand value of 12, a play hand type and hand options to take a hit or call backhand.

Example 4

Example 4a shows that the red seat chose to take a hit card. The choice makes sense because the dealer’s first show card is 5 and the lowest card for a successful backhand play is a 10 or face card; which would in turn create a dealer total of 15 and a dealer total advantage over the red seat player total of 12. So the red seat chooses to take a hit card. The hit card is 4 which creates a new total hand value of 16, a player total of 12, a dealer total of 9 and the red seat player total advantage over the dealer total. The hand options at this point for the red seat are to take a hit card or call backhand. But now it’s the green seat’s turn to make a play.

Example 4a

Example 4b shows that the green seat decided to take a hit card also. The choice could be interpreted as a little risky cause no face cards have been dealt yet but even if a face card was dealt on a backhand play, the resulting dealer total would’ve had the advantage over the green seat’s player total anyway. The green seat player chose to take a hit card, the new total hand value is 16, the player total is 12, the dealer total is 9, the green seat player total has advantage over the dealer total and the hand options are to take a hit card or backhand.

Example 4b

In Example 4c, our red seat player has chosen to call backhand. The backhand card is 8 which creates a new total hand value of 24, a dealer total of 14, a player total of 16 and the red seat player total has advantage over the dealer total. The red seat has won their hand.

Example 4c

In Example 4d, you see that the green seat player decided to call backhand also. The backhand card is 9 which creates a new total hand value of 25, a dealer total of 15, a player total of 16 and player advantage over the dealer total; which also means that the green seat has won their hand in the same fashion as the red hand player (with a successful backhand play). In this invention, when both players win their respective hands in the same fashion, the game winner shall be decided by comparing their player totals first. Whoever has the lowest player total will win the game. If the player totals are equal, then their total hand values shall be compared in the same fashion. If both total hand values are equal, then the game shall end in a stalemate. In Example 4d, the red seat’s player total is 16. The green seat’s player total is also 16, therefore we must now compare their total hand values. The red seat total hand value is 24 and the green seat total hand value is 25; which means that the green seat has lost and the red seat player is our game winner.

Example 4d

My final example is Example 5 which shows a dealer hand of 2-K-6. The green seat was dealt their initial player hand first of 9-7 which is a play hand. The initial hand value is 16 and the hand options are to take a hit card or call backhand. Since the green seat was dealt their initial player hand first, the red seat gets to go first. The red seat has an initial player hand of 7-8, an initial hand value of 15, a play hand and the hand options are to take a hit card or call backhand also. See below.

Example 5

Example 5a shows that our red seat player chose to take advantage of a weak first dealer show card and call backhand on their first play. The backhand card is 7 which creates a dealer total of 9, a player total of 15 and gives the red seat the player total advantage over the dealer total; and a winning hand against the dealer. In this game, the green seat will have to win their hand with either get a five card hand, or a successful backhand plus player total advantage over the dealer total; and then beat the red seat’s hand. A green seat five card hand will win the game automatically, but in the case of a green seat successful backhand play plus player total advantage over the dealer total, the green seat’s total hand value would have to be lower than the red seat’s total hand value to win the game. If they are equal, then the game stalemates (no winner).

Example 5a

In Example 5b, our green seat player chose to take a hit card (maybe sensing a low card coming next in the deck), which turns out to be correct. The hit card is a Dealer Ace which is valued at 1 or 11 when calculating the dealer total (to the advantage of the dealer) and at only 1 when calculating the player total. This leaves us with a total hand value of 17, a dealer total of 13, and a player total of 16 which means that our green seat player has the advantage over the dealer total and now has to decide whether to take another hit card or call backhand. The red seat has already won their hand and to beat the red seat, the green seat would need to have a successful five card hand. This is because if both players have successful backhand plays with player total advantage over the dealer total, the player with the lowest player total wins the game. The green seat’s player total would be 17 with a successful backhand play at this point which would cause them to lose the game, so the only course of action would be to take a hit card and try for a five card hand. Let’s see what happens.

Example 5b

Example 5c shows the green seat’s hit card to be a 3. New total hand value of 20, dealer total 13, player total of 17, and the player advantage over the dealer total. To win the hand, the green seat needs a five card hand to beat the red seat’s successful backhand player total of 15.

Example 5c

Example 5d shows a valiant yet unsuccessful attempt at a five card hand by our green seat player. The fifth hit card was a 2 which created a new total hand value of 22 and a disappointing busted hand! Our red seat player has won this game. See below.

Example 5d